Eleusina is a small town, situated 20 km west of Athens. Its diverse social character and its particularity are due to the presence of various heterogeneous social groups, caused by population movements from inside and outside the country. The industrial development of the 60s encouraged this phenomenon.
The first movements of Greek Muslims of Turkish or Slavic extraction have started slowly in the early 70s, from Thrace, reaching its peak in the 80s. They migrated due to lack of work in that area, caused by the slow industrial development.
The Muslim community families scattered throughout the city and despite the links between them, they do not form a ghetto. The level of poverty of these families is very high and difficult living conditions impede their adaption.
Another large community living in Eleusina is composed of Greeks of the Black Sea region who are called the Pontious. The first were settled in Eleusina in the mid 60s, they have constructed prefabricated houses in an arbitrarily mode next to the airport where they live in close confines.At the end of the 80s the social instability looming in the Soviet Union caused a new wave of Pontious' immigration to Greece, many of whom settled in Eleusina.This generation, heavily influenced by Russian culture and speaking only russian, met very significant adjustment problems.Factory closures and rising unemployment has only accentuated their situation.
This is a picture of Eleusina, a place where the Doric columns compete the cement and the steel factories' chimneys, where the coexistence of population movements is presentwhere environmental and social problems swell day by day, it is there, where part of the Greek society is building in search of a new hope for a better life.
Savvas Lazaridis. Eleusina 1994-1997